Ballard returned to England in 1946 and later studied medicine at Cambridge. He married and fathered three children. Following the death of his wife he raised his children by himself, writing while they were at school. These years are recounted in his 1991 novel The Kindness of Women. His 1973 book Crash was made into a movie by Canadian director David Cronenberg, starring James Spader, Holly Hunter, Elias Koteas and Rosanna Arquette.